In recent years, ceramics have gone from being used only in kitchens and bathrooms to decorating the floors and walls of other rooms in the house. Unlike wood , carpet and other materials used as a covering, the raw materials that make up ceramic floor tiles earth and water make up a high-quality, natural product that is easy to clean and maintain. The variety of colors, finishes, sizes and prices is wide, but the objective is the same: to protect surfaces.
Types of coatings
The types of ceramic coatings are numerous. However, they differ from each other in the material used for their composition, finish, dimensions, thickness and hardness.
They are flat, thin pieces made with clays, silica, fluxes, dyes and other raw materials. This type of tile is very resistant to water and over time. Its texture is fine and homogeneous, and easy to maintain. It is covered by vitrified enamel that gives it waterproofness and resistance to detergents, abrasion, acids and scratches. Although the offer of colors and finishes is very wide, square and rectangular tiles predominate, which can be combined with complementary pieces such as slats, dowels or borders. Its use is very suitable as a covering for interior walls. Choosing the best diy ceramic coatings options are also there.
It is the general name for ceramic tiles with very low water absorption, dry pressed and subjected to a single firing. It can be enameled or not, matte or glossy. On the outer face it supports decorative or non-slip reliefs. Their joints are almost invisible and create a sense of continuity. It can be used both indoors and outdoors.
Handcrafted, it is often unglazed and has warm colors. The imperfections of their faces and edges accentuate their natural appearance. It is similar to baked clay cladding, but it is differentiated by higher mechanical performance. Its predominant shapes are square and rectangular, although you can also find hexagonal and octagonal tiles, in addition to a wide variety of complementary pieces, such as moldings, edgebands, strips or dowels, and special ones, among which are the steps, the baseboards or the flashing.
This denomination encompasses many products of different sizes and characteristics, but all are manufactured in small production units and using artisan means. The pieces have a non-uniform earthy color and their grains, pores and imperfections are visible to the naked eye. They are used, above all, in country houses or to give a rustic appearance to any construction. Enamels on fired clay pieces are more sensitive and delicate to abrasion and surface wear than tiles manufactured with more advanced procedures. Given these characteristics, the exposed face of the piece requires a gloss and waterproof treatment.
These pieces of glazed or vitrified stoneware, also known as Venetian or Venetian mosaic, have their origin in Greek and Roman culture. Its high resistance to humidity, temperature changes and chemicals make it a good choice for decorating bathrooms, kitchens and outdoors. In addition, its color remains unchanged with the passage of time and exposure to light. Its small format (the pieces can measure from 2 × 2 to 5 × 5 cm.) It makes the tile ideal for curved surfaces, such as columns, or difficult spaces. As a coating it can be combined with other materials to create drawings and murals.